Apr 15, 2021


Maori News & Indigenous Views

Harawiras Mana a wildcard for Labour and Maori Parties

4 min read

The Maori and Labour parties are losing votes to the Mana Movement. The latest Marae Investigates Digipoll shows the Maori Party has lost 20 percent of its party votes since January and 15 percent of electorate votes across the seven Maori seats since the 2008 election.

The Maori Party does not have to push the panic button just yet as their large 2008 election majorities provide a significant buffer. In a marked reversal, they can also be buoyed by 55 percent support on the foreshore and seabed issue, 58 percent saying they represent Maori well and a 69 percent endorsement for their politics of compromise with National.

This improvement owes much to Don Brashs re-emergence. Maori and Pakeha voters are rejecting his separatist anti-Maori rhetoric. For all its ups and downs many see the relationship with National as stable.

The Maori Party has also been wise. Pita Sharples has conceded the Hone Harawira affair could have been handled better and that the party sometimes lost touch with Maori constituents. Appeasement goes a long way, although one notes it was Mr Harawiras comment on the latter in a newspaper column which got him into trouble.

Labour has lost 13 percent of its party vote but is steady in the electorates just one percent lower on average than in 2008.

Labour lead Te Tai Tokerau 30 to 27 percent over Mana. Harawira has work to do but remains secure. This is a landline poll; many of his mainly poor constituents rely on pre-paid mobiles. A pre-byelection Native Affairs poll underestimated Harawiras support – by 9 per cent. Highly articulate Waihori Shorthand has increased Maori Party support by 16 percent with an effective e-campaign employing video but risks exaggerating his acting abilities.

Mana need to raise a low 8.5 percent party vote. If Harawira holds the north, and they capitalise on some promising signals from Pakeha voters they could secure one to two list MPs.

They have not capitalised on the momentum gained from the Te Tai Tokerau byelection averaging about 20 per cent in the electorate vote in five Maori seats. Party organiser Matt McCarten has been unwell and leader Hone Harawira spread too thinly across the country.

Mana has negligible support in Tariana Turias Te Tai Hauauru and Te Tai Tonga.

Hardworking Te Tai Tonga incumbent Maori Party MP, Rahui Katene, trails Labours Te Rino Tirikatene. Labour has not come through the middle as some feared. Rather Mana and the Maori Party have simply lost constituents about 30 to 60 percent of mainly North Island urban Maori may have left Christchurch since the earthquakes.

Mr Tiraketene also has mana whenua heritage on his side. He is Ngai Tahu, as is Katene, however his grandfather, Eruera Tirikatene, was the first Ratana Labour MP and his aunty Whetu Tirikatene Maoridoms longest serving female MP and first Maori woman Cabinet Minister.

The 2005 election was about the Foreshore and Seabed Act, the 2008 election about aspirations for an independent Maori party clean sweeping the seven Maori seats. Maori have given up on that dream. Mana whenua will therefore dictate the outcomes in at least six electorates this time supporting the candidates they think best represent their interests regardless of which party they come from. Tribes will also back their own among those who fought out the Mana – Maori Party split. Both factors should see the sitting MPs, Parekura Horomia, Nanaia Mahuta, Tariana Turia, Te Ururoa Flavell and Harawira return to Parliament.

The wild card is that the Digipoll has preceded the announcing of several Mana candidates. Maori voters prefer names and faces. Expect some figures to change as candidates are confirmed.

Manas Annette Sykes faces an uphill battle overhauling a 40-point gap to Flavell sitting on 59.3 percent in Waiariki. Ms Sykes is highly intelligent and hugely experienced in litigation and Waitangi Tribunal proceedings. Iwi politics may be against her. She is also assertive which conservative traditionalists might rail against.

Sykes would have been a better selection in Auckland. Mr Sharples has significant support; however, there is potential volatility. Urban Maori are 80 percent of the population so mana whenua will be less influential. Sykes would also be a point of difference against two high profile male candidates and pull in more Maori women votes. Currently Maori women give 20 percent more party votes and 10 percent more electorate votes than Maori men to Labour and the Maori Party. An April two-horse poll had Sharples 46 to 42 percent over Shane Jones; a later Sharples versus Willie Jackson (who has since withdrawn) contest was rated 52 to 37. The right Mana candidate will throw Auckland wide open.

Some want the Maori Party and Mana do deals to prevent Labour coming through the middle. A prudent party might prioritise some seats over others; however, this year has demonstrated such deals wont be honoured. Backroom deals will also undermine the right of Maori voters to choose. Maori voters are especially strategic. The three main parties in the Maori electorates say they stand for distinctively different and important principles.

Let the mana of the voters decide their fate.


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