May 12, 2021

Maori News & Indigenous Views

Introducing: Aotearoa Emissions

3 min read

We are committed to providing honest and simple to understand information about the Emissions Trading Scheme in the Forestry Sector and what benefit it may have for you, your land and your future.

The Forestry Allocation Plan for Pre-90 (forestry established before 31st December 1989) Forest owners who get an allocation of New Zealand Units ($25 per unit). Maori are almost unaware of thischange taking place. My aim is to process applications for Maori to get an allocation of units from the Government. Why is this happening? The Government are trying to partially compensate for the loss in land value as a rresult of the implementation of the ETS. Pre-90 forest landowners must apply for their allocation, and they will be free to hold or sell the units.

Currently there are 3 types of allocations:

*18 units for each hectare of eligible land that was Crown Forest License land transferred on or after 1 January 2008.

* 39 units for each hectare of eligible land that was transferred: on or after 1st Nov. 2002

* 60 units for each hectare of eligible land no covered by the above categories.

Your Forest under the ETS:

Forest owners will either automatically or voluntarily become participants in the ETS depending on:

  • The date the forest was established
  • The type of forest owned (or leased, or held under a forestry right)
  • Whether any deforestation has occurred.

Forest land is defined as being at least 1 hectare (ha) with forest species that have (or are likely to have at maturity):

  • a crown cover of more than 30% on each hectare
  • a crown cover with an average width of at least 30 metres.

Forest species are trees capable of reaching five metres in height at maturity in the place they are growing. There are two forest classifications: post-1989 forest and pre-1990 forest.

At Aotearoa Emissions we offer:

  • Information and support for Forest owners or Forestry Rights Holders who are affected by the Climate Change Response Act and the Emissions Trading Scheme
  • New Zealand Emissions Unit Registry application processing
  • Application processing to be registered the Emissions Trading Scheme and to received Carbon Credits through the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry
  • Regular updates on the Climate Change Response Act and Emissions Trading Scheme


The Emissions Trading Scheme essentially puts a price on the emission of greenhouse gases and provides incentives that will encourage sectors (such as transport, agriculture and energy) to search for the most efficient paths to lower net emissions across the economy.

The NZ ETS covers all significant gases and all sectors but there will be a phase-in period with different sectors entering at different stages. NZ is the first country to begin its Emissions Trading with Forestry. This is due to the fact that forestry plays a key role in national emissions reduction.

What does MAF consider a Forest to be?

means an area of land of at least 1 hectare that has, or is likely when the forest species reach maturity to have, tree crown cover from forest species of more than 30 percent in each hectare; and

includes an area of land that temporarily does not meet the requirements specified in paragraph (a) because of human intervention or natural causes but that is likely to revert to land that meets the requirements specified in paragraph (a);

does not include

a shelter belt of forest species, where the tree crown cover at maturity has, or is likely to have, an average width of less than 30 metres; or

an area of land where the forest species have, or are likely to have, a tree crown cover at maturity of an average width of less than 30 metres, unless the area is contiguous with land that meets the requirements specified in paragraph (a) or (b)

If an area of land temporarily does not meet the forest species and crown cover requirements because of human action or natural events (it may have just been harvested, or trees may have been blown over by strong winds), but is likely to meet these requirements again in the future, it is still considered to be forest land as per paragraph (b) above. Such areas are termed temporarily unstocked

For more information, please click here:

Many thanks to Wai Karena for this exciting and innovative panui.

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