May 14, 2021

Maori News & Indigenous Views

Massive Maori opposition to Marine & Coastal Bill emerges

5 min read has received this from our networks. It is a summary of Maori submissions on the Marine and Coastal (Takutai Moana) Bill 2010.

This is a summary of the 72 submissions received by the Maori Affairs Select Committee from marae, hapu, iwi, Maori land owners, organisations and collectives. It does not include those submissions made by Maori individuals. It has been prepared by a collective of concerned people, Kaitiaki o te Takutai, who wanted to know what hapu and iwi said about the Marine and Coastal Bill.

It is our hope that their voices will be listened to.

All submitters said they were opposed to the Foreshore Seabed Act 2004 and supported its repeal. Almost half of the submitters (33) said that the Bill was not materially different from the Act and many expected that more would have resulted from the Ministerial Review process.

Of the 72 submissions received, only one supported the passage of the Bill as it is. This was from Te Runanga o Ngati Porou who have sought to have their rights recognised in the Nga Hapu o Ngati Porou Foreshore and Seabed Deed of Settlement.

Of the remaining 71submitters, just under half (34) said that the Bill is problematic and needs significant amendment for them to support it. The main concerns requiring amendment are that the Bill:

  • 1) Fails to properly recognise and provide for the mana of hapu and iwi
  • 2) Continues the original confiscation via vesting in the common space
  • 3) Sets the use and occupation tests too high
  • 4) Limits the content of a customary marine title
  • 5) Introduces a costly, adversarial and complicated court process;
  • 6) Remains discriminatory to Maori, and
  • 7) Continues to breach Te Tiriti o Waitangi, tikanga Maori, common law principles and international human rights standards including the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.

Of the rest of the 37 submitters who did not support the bill or outrightly opposed it, nearly a third (20) recommended that the Bill be put aside or withdrawn and that a new Treaty-based longer conversation takes place to recognise and give effect to the mana of hapu and iwi.

Submissions by electorate (some cross boundaries but are listed only once)

Te Tai Tokerau

  1. Hapu of Ahipara: oppose bill, start process again to recognise ahi ka
  2. Ahipara Hapu Environmental Protection Group: oppose bill, start new process
  3. Te Runanga o Te Rarawa: oppose bill, seek rights through Maori Land Court
  4. Waipuna marae, Te Rarawa: oppose bill
  5. Wai 2003 claimants on behalf of Ngati Korokoro, Ngati Wharara and Te Pouka, nga hapu o te wahapu o te Hokianga nui-a-Kupe: oppose bill
  6. Hokianga collective of hapu: oppose bill, explore tipuna title to resolve issue
  7. Te Runanga o Ngati Kahu: oppose bill
  8. Kuia of Ngapuhi Nui Tonu and Ng?ti Rahiri ki Waitangi: oppose bill
  9. Waikare Maori Committee on behalf of Te Kapotai hapu, Bay of Islands: amendment
  10. Ngati Kuta me Patukeha ki Te Rawhiti: oppose aspects, further conversation to recognise mana whenua and mana moana
  11. Ngati Rahiri ki Waitangi and Ngati Manu ki Kororareka: unable to view
  12. Te Maara a Hineamaru (formerly Te Runanga o Ngati Hine): oppose bill
  13. Te Runanga A Iwi o Ngapuhi: oppose bill, start again to find enduring solution
  14. Ngatiwai Trust Board: amendment
  15. Patuharakeke Te Iwi Trust Board: oppose bill
  16. Te Hapu o Ngati Rehia: oppose bill, work together to find lasting solution
  17. Ngati Whatua ki Kaipara: amendment
  18. Te Uri o Hau Settlement Trust: amendment

Tamaki Makaurau

  • Te Runanga o Ngati Wh?tua: oppose bill

Hauraki Waikato

  1. Ngaitai Iwi: oppose bill, find new way forward
  2. Waikato-Tainui Te Kauhanganui Inc: amendment, longer conversation needed
  3. Hauraki Maori Trust Board: oppose bill
  4. Tainui hapu of Whaingaroa: oppose bill, engagement with M?ori needed
  5. Te Runanganui o Ngati Hikairo: oppose bill, work together to find solution
  6. Nga Tai o Kawhia Regional Management Committee: oppose bill
  7. Wai 788 hapu claimants Te Rohe Potae: oppose bill, amendment


  1. Te Runanga o Ngai Te Rangi Iwi Trust: oppose in parts, amendment
  2. Te Runanga o Ngati Ranginui Iwi Inc Society: oppose bill, amendment
  3. Te Ropu Whakamana o Nga Hapu o Ngati Ranginui: oppose bill, amendment
  4. Ngati Te Wai, hapu of Ngati Ranginui: oppose bill, amendment
  5. Ngati Taka, hapu of Ngati Ranginui: oppose bill, amendment
  6. Ngati Ruahine, hapu of Ngati Ranginui: oppose bill, amendment
  7. Ngai Tamarawaho, hap? of Ngati Ranginui: oppose bill, amendment
  8. Ngati Hangarau, hapu of Ngati Ranginui: oppose bill, amendment
  9. Pirirakau, hapu of Ngati Ranginui: oppose bill, amendment
  10. Ngati Ranginui Fisheries Trust: oppose bill, amendment
  11. Maketu Taiapure Committee of Management: oppose bill
  12. Ngati Makino: oppose bill, meaningful engagement to settle issue
  13. Ngati Kohokino, hapu of Ngati Pukenga and Te Whanau Whero o Ngati He: amendment
  14. Ngati Rangitihi Raupatu Trust Inc: amendment
  15. Te Arawa Lakes Trust: amendment
  16. Te Runanga o Te Whanau on behalf of hapu of Te Whanau-a-Apanui: oppose bill, broader solution from Treaty-based longer conversation

Ikaroa Rawhiti

  1. Ruawaipu Tribal Authority: oppose bill
  2. Kaimoho A1 and other blocks Inc, Ruatoria: oppose bill
  3. Te Runanga o Ngati Porou: support bill
  4. Te Aitanga-a-Hauiti Iwi Inc: amendment, further conversation needed
  5. Ngai Tamanuhiri Wh?nui Trust: oppose bill, amendment (Treaty Tribes Coalition submission)
  6. Ngati Kahungunu Iwi Inc: oppose bill, longer conversation consistent with Te Tiriti
  7. Ngati Pahauwera Development Trust: amendment
  8. Te Hika o Papauma hapu, Wairarapa: amendment, further conversation with hap?

Te Tai Hauauru

  1. Marokopa marae, Ngati Kinohaku, Ngati Peeti, Ngati Te Kanawa: amendment, more discussion with hap? needed
  2. Maniapoto Maori Trust Board: amendment
  3. Maniapoto ki Te Raki Regional Claims Forum: oppose bill
  4. Te Pakakohi: oppose bill, inquiry needed
  5. Nga Rauru Kiitahi: amendment, more engagement needed
  6. Whanganui River Trust Board: amendment
  7. Te Runanga o Ngati Ruanui Trust: oppose bill
  8. Rangitaane o Manawatu: oppose bill, longer conversation for shared understanding
  9. Te Runanga o Toa Rangatira Inc: oppose bill

Te Tai Tonga

  1. Ngati Koata Trust Board: oppose bill, amendment
  2. Ngati Tama Manawhenua ki Te Tau Ihu Trust: oppose bill, amendment
  3. Te Atiawa Manawhenua ki Te Tau Ihu Trust: oppose bill, amendment
  4. Puketapu and Onauku hapu, Arapaoa, Totaranui: oppose bill, amendment
  5. Te Runanga o Ngai Tahu: oppose bill, amendment
  6. Te Runanganui o Waitaha me Maata Waka Inc: oppose bill, amendment
  7. Oraka Aparima Runaka: oppose bill, amendment
  8. Waihopai Runaka: oppose bill

Pan-iwi / Maori organisations

  1. Treaty Tribes Coalition (Hauraki Maori Trust Board, Ngati Kahungunu Iwi Inc, Ngai Tamanuhiri Whanui Trust, Te Runanga o Ngai Tahu): oppose bill, amendment
  2. Te Hunga Roia Maori o Aotearoa: oppose bill
  3. Federation of Maori Authorities: oppose bill, amendment
  4. Ngai Tahu Maori Law Centre: oppose bill, amendment
  5. Te Tai Tokerau Electorate of Maori Party: oppose bill, establish group to develop replacement bill
  6. Te Upoko o te Ika branch, Maori Party: oppose bill

5 thoughts on “Massive Maori opposition to Marine & Coastal Bill emerges

  1. How is it possible to prove continuous and undisturbed use since 1840? what happens than to iwi/tribes that were robbed of their land etc since 1840? so the question is, is there REALLY a difference between the Foreshore and Seabed Act 2004 and the Marine and Coastal Area Act 2011, other than its title?? I strongly oppose this as it breaches the Treaty of Waitangi in so many levels…..

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